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British Anarchist Publications 1880-1890

Page history last edited by Barry Pateman 6 months ago

The title is a little misleading as I also will be listing articles written by anarchists in non-anarchist publications and publications available through the British anarchist press but published elsewhere.

 

In his Recollections and Reflections (Carl Slienger; London,1976) first printed in Freedom in 1912 Frank Kitz writes that in 1879  the  "sections" in London published the pamphlet The Principles of Social Democracy by John Sketchley and the "English section undertook the reissue of two pamphlets on Communism by Henry Glasse" (p13) and a leaflet Kitz describes  as " an address to the amnestied Communists of Paris". Kitz says 30,000 copies of this leaflet were distributed. The Sketchley pamphlet was funded primarily by the German section.  ( E P Thompson in  William Morris:From Romantic to Revolutionary calls " Principles.." a book.) I am presuming it is the 1879 edition published firstly by J.D Stocker in Birmingham  and then by The Social Democratic Party in London which they both refer to.The London edition adds An exposition and Vindication to the title. Kitz appears to be more accurate here as the pamphlet has 36pp

 

 

 

 

1881                          The Cambridge Review ( March 30) has an article on "Anarchy" by Karl Pearson who claims that there is a small party of anarchists in the UK and their organ "Anarchist" has thousands of copies "scattered broadcast throughout the factories and workshops of this country"

N. Walter, in his discussion of John Quail's book,(Freedom  2nd, 16th, 30th September 1978) suggests that  Pearson is referring to the paper published by Edward Nathan-Ganz in Boston in January 1881

 

 

 

1882

 

Dan Chatterton              The Commune of England        London, self published. 

 

Peter Kropotkin              The Russian Revolutionary Party   Newcastle Chronicle  October 12th 1882

 

Peter Kropotkin              The Russian Revolutionary Party ( revised and expanded)  Fortnightly Review  December (?) 1882

 

1883

 

Peter Kropotkin            Russian Prisons       The Nineteenth Century    January

 

Peter Kropotkin            The Fortress Prison of St Petersburg   The Nineteenth Century  June

 

Peter Kropotkin             Outcast Russia :the journey to Siberia.        The Nineteenth Century    December

 

Dan Chatterton              Babies and Bunny Rabbits; A Popular Educator     London, self published

 

Michael Bakunin               God and The State                        Science Library;Tunbridge Wells.

                                       (reprint of Tuckers edition )

 

                                        Manifesto of the Socialists and Anarchists tried  in Lyons by the French government in January 1883 Apparently produced by a group of revolutionaries including Kitz and Lane.( according to Thomas -"Anarchists Ideas and Countercultures in Britain")The only thing I have seen  that could be this is a one page sheet  published by The International Socialist Federation, 15,Poland St, London W January 23 1883. However this version is entitled  Manifesto of the Socialists tried in Lyon by the French republican Government The same,perhaps?

 

1884 

Peter Kropotkin           The Exile In Siberia  The Nineteenth Century, March

 

Peter Kropotkin           An Appeal To The Young. Serialized in seven parts in Justice, 22-August-4 October

 

 November-December    Long essay on anarchism in four issues of "Justice" (SDF paper) by "An English Anarchist" ( Charlotte Wilson)

 

W. Donisthorpe           Liberty or Law?        Liberty and Property Defence League, 1884

 

 

1885  

 

Peter Kropotkin        Finland: A Rising Nationality        The Nineteenth Century, March

 

Peter Kropotkin        The Coming War(on Afghan frontier}.                        The Nineteenth Century, May

 

Peter Kropotkin         What Geography Ought To Be        The Nineteenth Century, December    

 

Elisee Reclus                    Evolution and Revolution trans. Seymour.  International Publishing Co

                                          (A second, revised edition is advertised in July 1885 "The Anarchist" as ready " this week")

                                        A third edition is advertised in 1886

 

Peter Kropotkin                  An Appeal To The Young  ( trans H.M. Hyndman) Modern Press, 12 Paternoster Row, EC. October 1885.

                                         ( second edition published in January 1886, same publisher )

 

Arbeter Fraint          July 1885  some anarchist material but the paper did not become primarily anarchist until April 1891 eg " What is Anarchism?" by J. Joffe, November 1885.

 

Henry Seymour              P J Proudhon  (reprinted from 'The Anarchist")

 

Henry Appleton                  What Is Anarchism    (leaflet- published by Seymour)

 

Henry Seymour                   Labor and Capital   ( leaflet published by Seymour) both mentioned in "The Anarchist" Sept. 1885

 

Albert Tarn                         The State: It's Origin, It's Nature and It's Abolition      C. Stocker, Birmingham ( 1885 is a best guess)

 

Edmund Burke                    A Vindication of Natural Society    Boston; Benjamin Tucker.  ( Not sure when this arrived in the UK)

 

 

1886

 

Charlotte Wilson     Social Democracy and Anarchism     Practical Socialist, January

 

 

Peter Kropotkin                    In French Prisons      The Nineteenth Century, March

 

 

Charlotte Wilson                   Anarchism (4pp essay)     in   What Socialism Is   Fabian Tracts No 4 ( London) June

 

 

 

P J Proudhon                        The Malthusians  (prefatory note Henry Seymour and translated by Benjamin Tucker) International Publishing Co. reprinted from "The Anarchist" (December 1885)

                                            Second edition July 1886

 

 

P J Proudhon                         What Is Property?  advertised in the October 1886 "Anarchist" as available.I presume this was the Benjamin Tucker published 1876 edition( Princeton).Seymour had, throughout 1886, said this work was " in the press" but I can't see any evidence of it ever appearing.

 

An English Anarchist (Charlotte Wilson)          The Criminal Law Amendment Act (reprinted from "The Anarchist")

 

Peter Kropotkin                    Expropriation   (International Publishing Co,) trans. Henry Glasse

 

Peter Kropotkin                   War  (International Publishing Co.)

 

Peter Kropotkin                    Law and Authority   (International Publishing Co.)

 

E. C Walker                           Love and Law               (International Publishing Co.?) I rather think this edition for sale may well be the Lucifer edition. The only edition I could find was published by Lucifer in 1887 by Worldcat.Mmmm. More to do, methinks

 

 

Peter Kropotkin                   The Place of Anarchism In Socialistic Evolution   (International Publishing Co.                        Sept 1886. First published in "The Anarchist" 1st July 1886     

                                            2nd edition 1887  (William Reeves) in a translation by Henry Glasse

                                            Further " enlarged edition" William Reeves nd.This edition has two extra sections that are not included in " The Anarchist"

 

N. Cherneyshevsky              What Is To Be Done transl. and published By Benjamin Tucker.This edition available through 'The Anarchist" ( July 1886)

 

Charlotte Wilson                  The Principles and Aims of Anarchists  in   Present Day   July ( the article was an abstract of a paper Wilson presented before the London Dialectical Society on June 2 1886)

 

                                                 . 

 

Stephen Pearl Andrews         The Labor Dollar

 

E. H Heywood                       Cupid's Yokes

 

E.H Heywood                        Natural Law

 

W. B. Greene                         Mutual Banking

 

E.Belfort Bax, Victor Dave and William Morris       A Short Account of the Commune of Paris of 1871( Socialist League)

 

 

 

 

1887

 

Peter Kropotkin         The Scientific Basis of Anarchy        The Nineteenth Century, February

 

J.K Ingalls                           Work and Wealth: An Essay On The Economics of Socialism International Publishing Co.

 

Dan Chatterton                   Blood, Bullets and Bayonets  c.

 

Dan Chatterton                    The Franchise Swindle                   London, self published

 

Henry Seymour                    The Philosophy of Anarchism          International Publishing Co? (March?) 

                                            First appeared in The Anarchist Jan-Feb 1887

 

Joseph Lane                         Anti Statist Communist Manifesto      Joseph Lane, 38 Ainsley St, Bethnal Green Junction,London   (June)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peter Kropotkin                     In Russian and French Prisons                              Ward and Downey,London

 

Peter Kropotkin                     The Coming Anarchy                Nineteenth Century, August.

                                             (revised as the first chapter of Anarchist Communism:It's Basis and Principles 1891))

 

L.S. Guggenberger  ( L.S. Bevington)      Dogs in Germany            Nineteenth Century, August   ( actually the article is about what it says it is, with some discussion of Dogs in England )!!!

 

Lothrop Withington                Constructive Murder: a speech delivered at a meeting to denounce the judicial assassination of the Chicago anarchists, held at the Communist Club, Tottenham Street on Friday evening October 7th 1887         International Publishers, 1887

         First printed in "The Anarchist" Nov.1st 1887

 

 

David Andrade              Free-Love Defined and Defended  (four page propaganda leaflet)   Henry Seymour (August?)  

 

August Spies                 Autobiography                            Chicago: Nina Van Spies, 1887  

 

Charles Theodore Reuss         The Matrimonial Question: From an Anarchistic Point of View     Henry Seymour   (October?)

 

Chicago Anarchists                  The Accused The Accusers   Chicago : Socialistic Publishing Society, 1886?  

 

 

 

1888  

 

 

 

 

John Most                                The Accusation; a speech delivered by John Most, at Kramers Hall, New York, on November 13th 1887, in denunciation of the judicial butchery of the Chicago anarchists: for delivering which, he has been sentenced to twelve months imprisonment by Judge Cowling

                            H. Seymour (January )

 

 

Albert Parsons                         Anarchism: It's Philosophy and Scientific Basis          

                                             (available through "The Anarchist" from February 1888

 

Peter Kropotkin                     The Breakdown of Our Industrial System  The Nineteenth Century, April

 

Peter Kropotkin                      The Coming Reign of Plenty     The Nineteenth Century, June

 

Dan Chatterton                      Merry England, so called                          London, self published

 

Henry Seymour                      Michael Bakounine :A biographical sketch  self published, London

 

Henry Seymour                       P.J. Proudhon                                  London, self published ??

 

 

 

Henry Seymour                       The Anarchy of Love                               self published, London

                                            (serialized in the July and August issues of "The Anarchist".Advertised as a pamphlet in the August issue

 

Henry Seymour                       Anarchy,Theory and Practice                   self published, London

 

Peter Kropotkin                     The Industrial Village of the Future         The Nineteenth Century, October

 

P.J.Proudhon                         System of Economical Contradictions or The Philosophy of Misery   Tucker, Boston

 

Victor Yarros                        Anarchism:It's Aims and Methods.

                                            available in "The Anarchist"( July)

 

 

1889

Edward Carpenter               Civilization:Its cause and cure                   Swann Sonnenschein, London

 

Peter Kropotkin                         The Wage System                                  Freedom Press

 

Peter Kropotkin                    The Great French Revolution and It's Lesson  The Nineteenth Century, June

 

H B Samuels                              A Straight Talk to Working Men             Socialist League     February( 4pp)

 

David Nicoll                               The Chicago Martyrs                              Socialist League   November(3pp)

 

Henry Seymour                          An examination of The Malthusian Theory

 

Albert Tarn                                 A Free Currency:What It means,How It Can Be Established,What It Can Accomplish                  Labour Press

 

Robert Harding                            The ABC of Anarchism.             Peaceful Anarchist Group, 41 Glaskin 

Road, Well Street, Hackney, E.

 

Robert Harding                            How To Put 100,00 Persons In Work In One Week. Robert Harding, Itinerant Street lecturer, 42 Gough St, Poplar E.  ( c. 1889)

 

 

 

 

Some publication details.In the June 1887  The Anarchist Seymour wrote:

 

"The International Publishing Co. as it stood has been dissolved, but will be carried on as an anarchistic publishing house by myself" I am inclined to think that what came from Newington Green after June 1887 was not published by International Publishing Co.but by Henry Seymour.More later.

 

Not sure just how much of Chatterton is anarchist.Perhaps by 1887? I have added the Carpenter because it is considered one of his most anarchist texts...Also date of Expropriation by Kropotkin.Presumably Proudhon's What is Property? transl. by Benjamin Tucker in 1876 was circulating through Seymour.Need to check the date of the  W. Reeves edition.The copy KSL has is part of Reeves' Bellamy Library-as are all other copies I have hunted for.If this is the only Reeves edition from this period the Bellamy Library was begun in 1890.That would rule it out of this particular chronology.

 

Not listing Kropotkin's writing in Freedom for the time being.More interested in those that were written for other publications.Oh- and Oliver (p44) states that Hyndman had, in 1885, translated some parts of Paroles d'un revolte Presumably in Justice??

 

There is, of course, other Carpenter from this period but......

 

                                 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Newspapers

 

La Revolution sociale  1880-81.( helped organize the 1881 Conference in London and fostered links with the French anarchists in London)

 

Le Travail (ed Brocher) Fr. 1880-81

 

 

Freheit  (English language) 7 issues ( April-June)1881 edited by Frank Kitz.English section of the Rose St,Club.Published as the organ of a Defence Committee ( London)

 

 

 

Die Autonomie  ( London) November 1886-1893

 

Der Rebell (London)  October 1883-October 1886

 

Le Bulletin du Congres de Londres  1881 (June-) ed Brocher under the name Rechorb

 

We know Le Revolte was being sold in London before 1885 (eg Trunk selling it in Stanhope St)

 

Commonweal  Feb. 1885-Sept.1892, May 1893-May 1894

 

 

The Anarchist (March 1885-magazine format from March 1887  -1888?

 

Freedom         October 1886-

 

The Revolutionary Review ( ed. Henry Seymour) January-September 1889

 

Lucifer, the Lightbearer available through The Anarchist from 1885

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italian newspapers in London 

 

La Guerre Sociale, journal socialiste-revolutionnaire ( October 1878- November 1878) London. Four issues   Zanardelli instrumental in it's publication

 

According to Di Paola the paper oscillated between socialism and anarchism.4pp. Two in French, two in Italian

 

Bollettino Socialista Rivoluzionario               March-May 1879  London

Zanardelli

 

L'Associazone   ( ed Malatesta et al)              30/11/89

 

 

 

 

I also wanted to note the British editions of Marx that was available in this decade

 

Two Addresses to the General Council on the Franco-Prussian War                    1870

 

The Civil War In France                                                                                        1871

 

Wage Labour and Capital                                                                                     1885

 

The Manifesto Of the Communists                                                                       1886  ( International Publishers)

 

Communist Manifesto                                                                                          1850- reprinted 1886

 

Capital  ( Volume One)                                                                                                                1887

 

 

 

Engels

 

The Condition of the Working Class In England in 1844                                      New York English language edition in 1887. First British edition, 1892?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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